Integration of the single modalities in hybrid equipment (PET/CT, PET/MR) that allow the acquisition of a comprehensive set of information, leading to extremely accurate diagnostic examinations and considerable advantages related to patient’s comfort, whom will likely perceive both examinations as one shot.
Botsourcing and Outsourcing: Robot, British, Chinese, and German Workers Are for Thinking—Not Feeling—Jobs
Technological innovations have produced robots capable of jobs that, until recently, only humans could perform. The present research explores the psychology of "botsourcing"—the replacement of human jobs by robots—while examining how understanding botsourcing can inform the psychology of outsourcing—the replacement of jobs in one country by humans from other countries. We test four related hypotheses across six experiments: (1) Given people’s lay theories about the capacities for cognition and emotion for robots and humans, workers will express more discomfort with botsourcing when they consider losing jobs that require emotion versus cognition; (2) people will express more comfort with botsourcing when jobs are framed as requiring cognition versus emotion; (3) people will express more comfort with botsourcing for jobs that do require emotion if robots appear to convey more emotion; and (4) people prefer to outsource cognition-oriented versus emotion-oriented jobs to other humans who are perceived as more versus less robotic. These results have theoretical implications for understanding social cognition about both humans and nonhumans and practical implications for the increasingly botsourced and outsourced economy.
Technological innovations have produced robots capable of jobs that, until recently, only humans could perform. The present research explores the psychology of "botsourcing"—the replacement of human jobs by robots—while examining how understanding botsourcing can inform the psychology of outsourcing—the replacement of jobs in one country by humans.
3.2 Technological Processes
Technological innovation influences organizational populations profoundly by disrupting markets, changing the relative importance of resources, challenging organizational learning capabilities, and altering the basis of competition (see Technology and Organization ). Supporting Schumpeter’s characterization of technological innovation as a process of creative destruction, research supports the idea that technologies evolve over time through cycles of long periods of incremental change, which enhance and institutionalize an existing technology, punctuated by technological discontinuities in which new, radically superior technologies displace old, inferior ones, making possible order-of-magnitude or more improvements in organizational performance (Tushman and Anderson 1986 ).
The new technology can either be competence-enhancing, building on existing knowhow and reinforcing incumbents’ positions, or competence-destroying, rendering existing knowhow obsolete and making it possible for newcomers to become technologically superior competitors. The technological ferment spawned by the discontinuity ends with the emergence of a dominant design, a single architecture that establishes dominance in a product class (Anderson and Tushman 1990 ), and technological advance returns to incremental improvements on the dominant technology. Although the universality of this technology cycle is debated, it has proved illuminating in a wide variety of industries.
Technological innovation creates opportunities for entrepreneurs to found new organizations and establish competitive positions as incumbents’ sources of advantage decay. Technological innovation also creates uncertainty and risk for incumbents because its outcomes can be only imperfectly anticipated. An innovation’s impact may not be known until it is too late for incumbents using older knowhow to compete successfully with new competitors; gambling too early on a given innovation may jeopardize an incumbent’s survival if that technology turns out not to become dominant. Thus, underlying technologies and technological innovation may influence organizational populations’ competitive dynamics and evolution profoundly. Ecological research relating technology cycles to population dynamics, although limited in scope, yields compelling support for this assertion (Baum 1996 ). Although past research typically treats technological change as exogenous, studying how ecological processes shape technological change can deepen our understanding of technology cycles by examining the dynamics of organizational support for new technologies.
Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer
Historical Perspective and Technological Advances
Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen is generally credited with the first description of what he called “x-rays” when in 1896 he presented a lecture entitled “Concerning a New Kind of Ray.” His work led to the rapid emergence of the study of diagnostic radiology and earned him the first Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901. Shortly thereafter, radiation was also being utilized to treat a variety of skin diseases, including cancer ( n.a., 1983 ). However, it took several more decades and the discovery of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) before it was understood that the primary mechanism for the effect of radiographs on tissues was via ionization and production of DNA damage, either directly or via free radical production.
The first documented radiotherapeutic approach to treatment of prostate cancer was by Pasteau and Degrais in 1911, who described using an intraurethral radium source, with modifications of this approach later utilized by Young and Fronz in 1917.
There are reports of external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) using kilovoltage radiation for the treatment of prostate cancer between 1930 and 1955 ( Attwater, 1930 ; Hultberg, 1946 ). However, a problem inherent to kilovoltage radiation is a high deposition of dose at the skin, limiting the ability to deliver tumoricidal doses of radiation to the prostate because of unacceptable skin and normal tissue toxicity. Further technical advances would be required before RT could achieve greater efficacy and safety. Several relevant considerations exist when delivering therapeutic radiation, particularly in a relatively deep-seated internal organ such as the prostate:
High-Energy Linear Accelerators
5. Analytics and Visualization
Data availability has exploded — modern corporations have access to vast amounts of complex data, both internal and from the public domain. The breadth and depth of data available require new ways to summarize, visualize, and present data. Novel ways to experience data and insights could involve intelligent interactive synopsis and ‘data navigation’ systems, VR and AR experiences, voice-driven insights discovery, and ‘personalized data exploration’ scenarios. I do believe that there are great new ways to visually browse and understand data, discover and explore hidden structures, trends, and patterns.
Blockchain is one of the most disruptive technologies out there. Its distributed, decentralized, and immutable properties make it the ideal way to store and track data across numerous domains and use cases.
I see significant new applications and novel scenarios beyond crypto-currencies and fin-tech. Startups are already working on novel concepts that make sense to leverage blockchain. In the years to come, some of these will disrupt social, government, and even political aspects of our world — for example here is an idea on how to leverage blockchain and related technologies like IPFS to set the basis for solving the Fake News problem.
Robots are already here, in one form or another. Regardless of the particular class — humanoids, nano-robots, military, industrial, and so on — the progress is impressive. On one hand, it is the advances in terms of hardware, sensors, and operating software; on the other hand, it is the progress of Artificial Intelligence that makes it possible to integrate cognitive services and dramatically increase Robot’s capabilities for real-time decision making.
In the near future, we will start to meet Robots with proactive behaviors, advanced context understanding, able to adapt to human sentiment, enforce ‘personalities’ and communication styles.
Technology innovation can take many forms — for instance, novel software implementing new algorithms and data processing models; or new hardware components (sensors, processors, components); or improved user interfaces offering seamless experiences; it can also happen at a higher level, in the form of new processes, business models, monetization engines, and so on.
And this is the real opportunity for the developers out there — to combine all the latest technologies and advances and build unique user experiences, empowering their end-users; to leverage reusable APIs and the capabilities of cloud computing, the rich content available in the public domain, the knowledge, the ideas, and even the global connected communities to make an impact by solving major problems in novel ways.
South Korean startup Ghost Kitchen provides individual kitchen spaces to quickly start delivery businesses. At present, the startup owns 143 kitchens with adequate hygiene management and workflow from material storage to cooking, packaging, and delivery. Also, Ghost Kitchen enables data-driven planning services through a shared data collection from the entire individual kitchens. In effect, the startup minimizes expenses for contracts and interiors by directly offering standalone kitchens for restaurants and other food delivery entrepreneurs.
Technological innovation has been a leading agent of social change, worldwide, since the late 1700s, serving as the conduit into society of developments in science and technology. As such, it has been at the center of ethical issues ranging from the morality and justice of the early Industrial Revolution to the consequences of genetic engineering, nanotechnology, and artificial intelligence (AI). In spite of its extraordinarily high social visibility, however, innovation is almost universally misunderstood and misrepresented, typically as synonymous with invention. Invention, in turn, is presented as a value-free, hence ethically neutral, application of new or existing technical knowledge. Treating innovations as inventions implies that ethical issues associated with their implementation derive not from factors intrinsic to innovations, but from how society chooses to implement them. Such an interpretation frees innovators from moral responsibility for the ethically problematic consequences of their activities, as well as buffering these activities from public assessment.
Innovation is a social process in which technical knowledge and inventions are selectively exploited on behalf of (corporate or government) institutional agendas driven by marketplace values or political policies. Inventions, and more broadly scientific and engineering expertise, are merely raw materials for technological innovation, which is the value-laden, ethically provocative process that determines whether an invention is introduced into a society, the form in which it is introduced, and the direction of its subsequent development as society responds to the innovation. The introduction of the automobile, television, nuclear power plants, and the Internet are examples of the value-laden innovation process, including how societal responses feed back into the course of innovation developments over time.
Conceptual Emergence and Practical Engagement
After World War I, individual thinkers, among them the American economist Thorstein Veblen (1857–1929) and future U.S. president Herbert Hoover (1874–1961), argued that technological innovation would be central to national security and industrial competitiveness. Only in Germany, however, was there a strong national commitment to an innovation-driven military and industrial agenda, initiated by Prince Otto von Bismarck in the 1860s and developed further by all subsequent German governments, especially the National Socialists. In the United States and Great Britain, by contrast, calls for such national commitments were repeatedly rejected. For example, George Ellery Hale (1868–1938), one of the world’s leading astronomers and the person responsible for maintaining America’s leadership in telescopy from 1897 into the 1980s, failed in his attempt to win government acceptance of his plan to harness academic scientists to the nation’s war effort during World War I. He failed again in his postwar attempt to create a national research foundation to be cosponsored by the federal government and major corporations.
Since 1970 research by historians of technology has supported a version of the Project Hindsight conclusion. While basic research sometimes pushes innovation, innovation far more often pulls research, which may then enable further innovation. The exponential growth of innovation in the semiconductor and computer industries exemplifies this relationship.
Bush’s report and its basic science push model nevertheless anchored postwar-U.S. science and technology policy. For the first time in U.S. history, there was a mandate for large-scale federal support of basic as well as applied scientific research. The ethics of giving scientists public funds to do research on subjects of their choice gave rise to contentious political debates that held up creation of the NSF in 1950. But the NSF budget for basic research was then and has remained modest compared to the budgets for applied research linked to innovation, which until 1989 was driven primarily by Cold War military agendas and secondarily by the evolving war on cancer, war on AIDS, and Human Genome Project agendas of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the U.S. space program.
Discover all Food Tech Technologies & Startups
The top 10 food technology trends advance research in sustainable food sources and food waste elimination. Also, rapid improvement in Industry 4.0 is unavoidable in the food industry for improved efficiency, consistency, and scale. 3D food printing is a promising technology to facilitate food production and aid other main trends, ensuring further investment in the 3D food printers and bio-inks. In addition to the major trends, advances in artificial intelligence and big data analytics are valuable for optimizing the food industry operations. Altogether, the food & beverage is moving towards sustainability while improving the overall operational efficiency.
The Food Technology Trends & Startups outlined in this report only scratch the surface of trends that we identified during our in-depth research. Among others, AI & big data will transform the sector as we know it today. Identifying new opportunities and emerging technologies to implement into your business early on goes a long way in gaining a competitive advantage. Get in touch to easily and exhaustively scout relevant technologies & startups that matter to you.
How does Hollywood lure consumers away from their big-screen TVs and YouTube and back out to the movies? Jeffrey Katzenberg preaches that theaters need to go home systems one better by showing 3-D films, and he’s hell-bent on pushing the entire industry that way.
25 Innovators in Technology
They’re changing the way we do business (and not always for the better). Don’t miss features on Twitter CEO Evan Williams, Google’s gambit with the power grid, and an essay about CEO Steve Jobs’ leave of absence from Apple.
Major Impact: Google towers over the internet era. It controls 64 percent of Web searches, and search is most people’s gateway to what they want to do on the Net. Google owns 57 percent of the market for placing ads on websites. The company operates three dozen massive data centers around the world-giving it, by some estimates, more computing power than any single entity on earth. As if that weren’t enough, Google keeps using its brand, power, and $15.8 billion in cash to stomp like colonialists into other companies’ businesses. Its Android cell-phone operating system encroaches on Apple’s and BlackBerry’s territory. This year, Google is expected to try to grab market share from Microsoft’s Internet Explorer with its Chrome browser and invest heavily in alternative-energy businesses. Wherever Google aims its guns, industries go on red alert.
Eccentric Project: They’re everywhere at Google. One employee wrote code so that people can search in pirate language. Another created a hidden joke: Try typing "Find Chuck Norris" in the search box and click I’m feeling lucky.
2. Jeff Bezos
Bezos also turned Amazon.com into a devicemaker with the kind of design chops and user adoration usually reserved for Apple-and made publishers rethink their business models. In late 2008, Oprah gave Amazon’s Kindle an on-air endorsement, momentarily sending its shares skyward.
Eccentric Project: Blue Origin, which is building rockets for space tourism. First scheduled flight: 2010. Speculation is that it will be possible to hear Bezos’ laugh from space.
3. Steve Jobs
Such is his influence that Steve Jobs stays on the list even during his absence from Apple. He is to the tech industry in the 2000s what the Beatles were to popular music in the 1960s. The iPod changed the music business, and the iPhone and App Store continue to shake up the mobile-phone industry. Before the iPhone, the cell-phone business was all about the size and form of the device. Now the emphasis is shifting to software and what the handset can do.
For now, Apple has the momentum to thrive without its CEO, but the question is whether that can continue if Jobs does not return in June from his leave to deal with his serious health issues. Apple doesn’t seem on the verge of taking on another industry or coming out with a radical new product, and no one is sure whether it could pull off a new revolution without Jobs’ help.
For more than a decade, pundits have predicted that the Web would transform politics. Joe Rospars finally did it. Rospars, still in his 20s (who over 30 would know how to do all this?), served as new-media director for the Obama campaign and used Facebook, MySpace, YouTube, Twitter, text messaging, and electronic fundraising to interact with supporters. Rospars got his start working the Web for Howard Dean’s 2004 presidential bid, then used that knowledge to co-found Blue State Digital. After Obama, campaigns are knocking on the company’s door.
It seems like a no-brainer to redirect the Department of Energy from developing nuclear weapons to fighting global warming, and Steven Chu is the guy to do it. A bona fide scientist, Chu has Obama’s go-ahead to make greentech a priority. Chu has run the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory since 2004 and won a Nobel Prize for figuring out how to cool and trap atoms for examination. He’s long worked on energy and climate-change projects. Last year, he told Reuters, "If I were emperor, I would put the pedal to the floor on energy efficiency and conservation."
Back in 1981, Shigeru Miyamoto created Donkey Kong, Nintendo’s first smash hit. But that was nothing compared with the Wii, Miyamoto’s brainstorm that came out in late 2006. By making videogames simple to control with hand gestures, the Wii revitalized the entire industry. Nintendo has sold more than 36 million Wii consoles, and Wii Sports recently became the bestselling game of all time. (It passed
Super Mario Bros., another game Miyamoto helped create.)
In 2007, Jason Kilar, a preppy former Amazon.com executive, won the job of creating an online TV outlet for a Fox-NBC partnership. It seemed an impossible task, given the anemic results for all previous online-TV efforts. But Kilar coaxed NBC and Fox to post popular content like Saturday Night Live and The Simpsons, added some interactive bells and whistles, and made Hulu simple to use. Launched in March 2008, Hulu was, by fall, streaming more than 235 million videos a month, thanks to SNL clips of Tina Fey as Sarah Palin. Kilar is proving that professional content paid for by advertising has a place on the Web. The networks owe him a pile of gratitude, if not money.
Innovation Map outlines the Top 10 Food Technology Trends & 20 Promising Startups
For this in-depth research on the Top Food Technology Trends & Startups, we analyzed a sample of 5 065 global startups and scaleups. The result of this research is data-driven innovation intelligence that improves strategic decision-making by giving you an overview of emerging technologies & startups in the food industry. These insights are derived by working with our Big Data & Artificial Intelligence-powered StartUs Insights Discovery Platform, covering 2 093 000+ startups & scaleups globally. The platform quickly delivers an exhaustive overview of emerging technologies within a specific field as well as identifies relevant startups & scaleups early on.
In the Innovation Map below, you get an overview of the Top 10 Food Industry Trends & Innovations that impact food tech companies worldwide. Moreover, the FoodTech Innovation Map reveals 20 hand-picked startups, all working on emerging technologies that advance their field. To explore custom insights, simply get in touch with us.
Top 10 Food Technology Trends
Tree Map reveals the Impact of the Top 10 Food Technology Trends
The Tree Map below illustrates the top 10 Food Technology trends that will impact companies in 2022. Consumers shifting to alternative protein sources is the most significant trend in the food industry. Further, the increased awareness of nutrition and health concerns during the pandemic drives the demand for nutraceuticals and personalized nutrition. Food eCommerce is another big trend that is fueled by the COVID-19 situation. Also, there is a substantial rise in food safety concerns directly impacting food transparency across the food value chain. With digitization being an integral part of the food and beverage industry, companies are adopting restaurant digitization, digital food management, and food robotics to improve operations. Food brands are also focussing on food waste reduction and are adopting zero-waste practices. 3D food printers are also a part of the food technology trends, enabling many other major trends such as meat alternatives and personalized nutrition.
Yet another application of AI, generative AI is set to raise the standards of AI use cases and provide reasons for organizations around the world to adopt it. It works on an algorithm that has the capability to use data in form of text, audio, images, and so on and generate similar content. This self-learning algorithm allows for higher-quality outputs. This application of AI comes with its set of limitations, and thus provides room for innovations and opportunities to come up with technologies/ways to tackle them. Healthcare can be majorly benefitted from generative AI, and IBM has already begun to leverage it by researching Antimicrobial peptides to find drugs for Covid-19. Gartner predicts that by 2025, generative AI may account for 10% of all data produced, which currently lies at 1% today.
From smart cars to wearables such as smartwatches, to TVs, smartphones, and more, various technologies have resulted in making our lives more convenient and tech-driven. IoT is one of the major driving technologies behind this connectedness of smart devices. The number of wearable connected devices is forecasted to reach more than 1 billion by 2022 as per Statista . With many more brands entering this segment, we can expect newer and interesting features added to the list. The wearables market, though dominated by smartwatches, is seeing many new products such as hearables, smart patches, and more. Applications of smart wearables in today’s Covid-19 era, to track Covid symptoms was a relevant and much-needed innovation and will continue to be as we fight to get rid of Covid-19 in 2022 too. Presently 4G, but 5G soon too will help with the connectivity of such devices. As per Statista, the number of wearable devices linked to 4G will increase by 89 million in 2022, connecting over 900 million people. Newer innovations such as smart helmets are also about to experience growth as they come with interesting features such as tracking speed, stamina, listening to music, GPS services, and more.
Cloud-Native Platforms (CNPs)
Gartner predicts that by 2025, 95% of all new digital initiatives will have CNP as their foundation, up from the current 40% in 2021. In the current times, the need to adopt cloud-native application/approach rather than the traditional on premises approach of infrastructure is more evident than ever. Mckinsey reports that by 2022, more than 70% of enterprises will depend on some form of cloud management tool for various business purposes. Taking cloud computing up a notch, CNPs aim to make infrastructure management effortless. Speed of service, reduced costs, auto scalability and more are some benefits of CNP. The global cloud revenue is $474 billion in 2022, as it becomes the core of business operations in this ever-so digitized world.
Revolutionizing the retail industry, this AR/VR trend is making heads turn with its innovative and catchy virtual try-on capability. In-store- AR mirrors/Smart mirrors provide a delightful experience to customers as they allow them to virtually try on clothes which also saves their time and effort to a great extent. According to Businesswire , the application of VR and AR in the retail market is projected to reach US$ 17864.86 million by 2028 from US$ 3790.94 million in 2021 at a CAGR of 24.8% for the forecasted period. This depicts the scope of innovation and adoption that is about to happen in this field. As of now, only major brands such as Ikea, Loreal, Nike, and so on are leveraging the potential of AR/VR applications in retail and hopefully, 2022 will see further increased adoption. Read more about applications of AR/VR we can see in the retail sector in 2022 and beyond here .